The similarities and differences between Indian and Japanese cultures 

The two countries that hold their culture and traditions in the highest regard are India and Japan. Whether it be folk or classical, both nations appreciate art and constantly seek to deepen its significance. Let’s explore the different ways in which Japan and India are similar to one another.

Respecting elders 

Respect for elders, especially elderly people, is highly valued in both cultures.  In India, it is done by extending a benediction by touching an elder’s feet. Japanese people express themselves through profound bows, tenderness, and words. Both have a lot of joint families, and the oldest person in the household is frequently the head. This is reflected in a variety of practices and traditions, such as showing respect for one’s elders by bowing to them, asking them for advice and direction, and taking care of them as they get older. In Japanese culture, the value of filial piety is highly prized, and family relationships are extremely significant.


Diwali and Bon Odori: While Bon is a Buddhist holiday observed in Japan, Diwali is a significant Hindu festival celebrated in India. Both celebrations are devoted to paying tribute to departed family members and ancestors. Diwali is when people light lamps and candles to help the departed souls find their way back to Earth, whereas Bon is when people light lanterns and release them into the sky or rivers to help the departed spirits find their way.

Holi and Hanami: Hanami (Flower-viewing) is a Japanese holiday, whereas Holi is an Indian Hindu celebration. Both festivals, which are held in the spring, emphasize appreciating the beauty of nature. They come to observe the cherry blossoms and have picnics under the blooming trees during Hanami, whereas during Holi, they hurl colored powder and water at each other.

It is evident in their customs and practices that both Indian and Japanese civilizations have high regard for nature and its beauty.


Art and culture 

One of the best examples when talking about similar art forms is a dance style – Kathakali in India and Kabuki in Japan. Both of them are dance dramas and use elaborate costumes, makeup, and facial expressions to portray emotions and tell stories, and they are both highly stylized.

Furthermore, both Kabuki and Kathakali feature highly skilled artists who frequently come from families with a long tradition in the field. They both also incorporate elaborate sets, accessories, and live music during performances. Kabuki is primarily performed by male dancers, and even Kathakali was largely a male-dominated dance form. However, recently, it has included female dancers as well.

Nature and its beauty

Nature is revered as sacred in Indian culture, and there is a long tradition of worshipping natural objects like trees, rivers, and mountains. Numerous Hindu rituals and festivals are associated with the earth’s natural cycles. Many environmental protection programs in India are based on enduring convictions about the value of protecting the environment.

Similarly, nature is closely related to religious and cultural practices in Japanese culture. Natural beauty is frequently praised in works of art, literature, and poetry, and it plays a significant role in Japanese aesthetics. Buddhism and Shintoism are only two of the Japanese religious traditions that place a high value on respecting and cooperating with nature.


As we can see, both civilizations have some similar features, yet they also differ from one another. However, it is quite fascinating to learn how they have evolved from various origins while continuing to adhere to many of the same ideals. 

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